Banaphool Bengali: বনফুল (literally meaning The Wild Flower in Bengali) is the pen name of the Bengali author, playwright and poet, Balāi Chānd Mukhopādhyāy Bengali: বলাইচাঁদ মুখোপাধ্যায় (1899–1979).
Balāi Chānd Mukhopādhyāy was born in Manihari village of Purnia district (now Katihar District), Bihar on 19 July 1899. He was the son of Satyacharan Mukhopadhyay, a practicing physician at the village and Mrinalini Devi. He was admitted to the Sahebgunge Railway school in the year 1914. Mukhopādhyāy started a hand-written magazine named "Bikash" where his writings of the first few days were published. When one of his poem was published in a well- known magazine named Malancha, he was warned by the then head-master of the school as he feared that Balāi Chānd's literary work may spoil his education. So, Balāi adopted his pen name Banaphool (the wild flower in Bengali) to hide his work from his tutor. He passed Matriculation examination in 1918 and completed his study at Hazaribag College. Then he was admitted in the Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata. During this time, he was married to Lilavati, who was studying I. A. at Bethune College, Calcutta. But before completing his medical education in Calcutta, he was transferred to Patna Medical College and Hospital due to an issued Government order. Here he was emoployed as a physician after completion of his medical education. Then he worked as a physician at Azimgaunge Hospital. He practiced Pathology at Bhagalpur. In 1968, he sold his house at Bhagalpur and settled at Salt Lake, Calcutta. This great writer took his last breath on 9 February 1979.
 Literary Works
He is most noted for his short vignettes, often just half page long, but his body of work spanned sixty five years and included "thousands of poems, 586 short stories, 60 novels, 5 dramas, a number of one-act plays, an autobiography named Paschatpat (Background), and numerous essays."
Trinokhondo তৃণখণ্ড Boitorini Tire বৈতরণীর তীরে Niranjana নিরঞ্জনা Bhuban Som ভুবন সোম Maharani মহারাণী Agnishwar অগ্নীশ্বর Manaspur মানসপুর Erao achhe এরাও আছে Nabin Dutta নবীন দত্ত Harishchandra হরিশ্চন্দ্র Kichukshan কিছুক্ষণ Se O Ami সে ও আমি Saptarshi সপ্তর্ষি Udai Asta উদয় অস্ত Gandharaj গন্ধরাজ Pitambarer Punarjanma পীতাম্বরের পুনর্জন্ম Nayn Tatpurush নঞ তৎপুরুষ Krishnapaksha কৃষ্ণপক্ষ Sandhipuja সন্ধিপূজা Hate Bajare হাটেবাজারে Kanyasu কন্যাসু Adhiklal অধিকলাল Gopaldeber Swapna গোপালদেবের স্বপ্ন SwapnaSambhab স্বপ্নসম্ভব KastiPathar কষ্টিপাথর Prachchhanna Mahima প্রচ্ছন্ন মহিমা Dui Pathik দুই পথিক Ratri রাত্রি Pitamaha পিতামহ Pakshimithun পক্ষীমিথুন Tirther Kak তীর্থের কাক Rourab রৌরব Jaltaranga জলতরঙ্গ Rupkatha ebang Tarpar রূপকথা এবং তারপর Pratham Garal প্রথম গরল Rangaturanga রঙ্গতুরঙ্গ Ashabari আশাবারি Li ৯ Sat Samudra Tera Nadi সাত সমুদ্র তেরো নদী Akashbasi আকাশবাসী Tumi তুমি Asanglagna অসংলগ্ন Simarekha সীমারেখা Tribarna ত্রিবর্ণ Alankarpuri অলংকারপুরী Jangam জঙ্গম Agni অগ্নি Doiroth দ্বৈরথ Mrigoya মৃগয়া Nirmok নির্মোক Mandanda মানদন্ড Nabadiganta নবদিগন্ত Koshtipathar কষ্টিপাথর Sthabar স্থাবর Bhimpalashri ভীমপলশ্রী Pancha Parba পঞ্চপর্ব Lakshmir Agaman লক্ষ্মীর আগমণ Dana ডানা
 Short story collection
- Bonofuler Golpo
- Bonofuler Aro Golpo
- Bindu Bishorgo
- Bonofuler Sreshto Golpo
- Bonofuler Golpo Songroho-1
- Bonofuler Golpo Songroho-2
- Banaphooler Chhoto Galpa Samagra--1&2
 See also
 Further reading
- বনফুলের ছোট গল্প সমগ্র (Complete Short Stories of Banaphool), published by Banishilpa, 14 A, Temar Lane, Kolkata 700009 in January 2003.
- উপন্যাস সমগ্র (Complete Novels), published by New Bengal Press (Private) Limited, 68, College Street, Kolkata 700073 in July 1999.
- গল্প সংগ্রহ (Collected Stories), the national text book of B.A. (pass and subsidiary) course of Bangladesh, published by University of Dhaka in 1979 (reprint in 1986).
- বাংলা সাহিত্য (Bengali Literature), the national text book of intermediate (college) level of Bangladesh published in 1996 by all educational boards.
- পশ্চাৎপট (Background), the autobiography of Banaphool, published by Banishilpa, 14 A, Temar Lane, Kolkata 700009 in 1999.