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Banaphool

Banaphool Bengali: বনফুল (literally meaning The Wild Flower in Bengali) is the pen name of the Bengali author, playwright and poet, Balāi Chānd Mukhopādhyāy Bengali: বলাইচাঁদ মুখোপাধ্যায় (1899–1979).

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[edit] Life

Balāi Chānd Mukhopādhyāy was born in Manihari village of Purnia district (now Katihar District), Bihar on 19 July 1899. He was the son of Satyacharan Mukhopadhyay, a practicing physician at the village and Mrinalini Devi. He was admitted to the Sahebgunge Railway school in the year 1914. Mukhopādhyāy started a hand-written magazine named "Bikash" where his writings of the first few days were published. When one of his poem was published in a well- known magazine named Malancha, he was warned by the then head-master of the school as he feared that Balāi Chānd's literary work may spoil his education. So, Balāi adopted his pen name Banaphool (the wild flower in Bengali) to hide his work from his tutor. He passed Matriculation examination in 1918 and completed his study at Hazaribag College. Then he was admitted in the Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata. During this time, he was married to Lilavati, who was studying I. A. at Bethune College, Calcutta. But before completing his medical education in Calcutta, he was transferred to Patna Medical College and Hospital due to an issued Government order. Here he was emoployed as a physician after completion of his medical education. Then he worked as a physician at Azimgaunge Hospital. He practiced Pathology at Bhagalpur. In 1968, he sold his house at Bhagalpur and settled at Salt Lake, Calcutta. This great writer took his last breath on 9 February 1979.

[edit] Literary Works

He is most noted for his short vignettes, often just half page long, but his body of work spanned sixty five years and included "thousands of poems, 586 short stories, 60 novels, 5 dramas, a number of one-act plays, an autobiography named Paschatpat (Background), and numerous essays."[1][2]

[edit] Novels

  Trinokhondo               তৃণখণ্ড   Boitorini Tire            বৈতরণীর তীরে   Niranjana                 নিরঞ্জনা   Bhuban Som                ভুবন সোম   Maharani                  মহারাণী   Agnishwar                 অগ্নীশ্বর   Manaspur                  মানসপুর   Erao achhe                এরাও আছে   Nabin Dutta               নবীন দত্ত   Harishchandra             হরিশ্চন্দ্র   Kichukshan                কিছুক্ষণ   Se O Ami                  সে ও আমি   Saptarshi                 সপ্তর্ষি   Udai Asta                 উদয় অস্ত   Gandharaj                 গন্ধরাজ   Pitambarer Punarjanma     পীতাম্বরের পুনর্জন্ম   Nayn Tatpurush            নঞ তৎপুরুষ   Krishnapaksha             কৃষ্ণপক্ষ   Sandhipuja                সন্ধিপূজা   Hate Bajare               হাটেবাজারে   Kanyasu                   কন্যাসু   Adhiklal                  অধিকলাল   Gopaldeber Swapna         গোপালদেবের স্বপ্ন   SwapnaSambhab             স্বপ্নসম্ভব   KastiPathar               কষ্টিপাথর   Prachchhanna Mahima       প্রচ্ছন্ন মহিমা   Dui Pathik                দুই পথিক   Ratri                     রাত্রি   Pitamaha                  পিতামহ                Pakshimithun              পক্ষীমিথুন   Tirther Kak               তীর্থের কাক   Rourab                    রৌরব   Jaltaranga                জলতরঙ্গ   Rupkatha ebang Tarpar     রূপকথা এবং তারপর   Pratham Garal             প্রথম গরল   Rangaturanga              রঙ্গতুরঙ্গ   Ashabari                  আশাবারি   Li                        ৯   Sat Samudra Tera Nadi     সাত সমুদ্র তেরো নদী   Akashbasi                 আকাশবাসী   Tumi                      তুমি   Asanglagna                অসংলগ্ন   Simarekha                 সীমারেখা   Tribarna                  ত্রিবর্ণ   Alankarpuri               অলংকারপুরী   Jangam                    জঙ্গম   Agni                      অগ্নি   Doiroth                   দ্বৈরথ   Mrigoya                   মৃগয়া   Nirmok                    নির্মোক   Mandanda                  মানদন্ড   Nabadiganta               নবদিগন্ত   Koshtipathar              কষ্টিপাথর   Sthabar                   স্থাবর   Bhimpalashri              ভীমপলশ্রী   Pancha Parba              পঞ্চপর্ব   Lakshmir Agaman           লক্ষ্মীর আগমণ   Dana                      ডানা 

[edit] Short story collection

  • Bonofuler Golpo
  • Bonofuler Aro Golpo
  • Bahullo
  • Bindu Bishorgo
  • Adrisholok
  • Anugamini
  • Tonni
  • Nobomonjori
  • Urmimala
  • Soptomi
  • Durbin
  • Bonofuler Sreshto Golpo
  • Bonofuler Golpo Songroho-1
  • Bonofuler Golpo Songroho-2
  • Banaphooler Chhoto Galpa Samagra--1&2

[edit] See also

[edit] Further reading

  • বনফুলের ছোট গল্প সমগ্র (Complete Short Stories of Banaphool), published by Banishilpa, 14 A, Temar Lane, Kolkata 700009 in January 2003.
  • উপন্যাস সমগ্র (Complete Novels), published by New Bengal Press (Private) Limited, 68, College Street, Kolkata 700073 in July 1999.
  • গল্প সংগ্রহ (Collected Stories), the national text book of B.A. (pass and subsidiary) course of Bangladesh, published by University of Dhaka in 1979 (reprint in 1986).
  • বাংলা সাহিত্য (Bengali Literature), the national text book of intermediate (college) level of Bangladesh published in 1996 by all educational boards.
  • পশ্চাৎপট (Background), the autobiography of Banaphool, published by Banishilpa, 14 A, Temar Lane, Kolkata 700009 in 1999.

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